Benvenuto nella sezione online di

La Pediatria di Netter, 2ª ed.

Letture Consigliate

Sezione XI

Patologie della Testa e del Collo

Michelle Dunn︎

Eden Kahle e Papa Kwadwo Morgan-¬Asiedu

  • American Academy of Pediatrics, . Section on Ophthalmology; American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology And Strabismus; American Academy of Ophthalmology; American Association of Certified Orthoptists. Red reflex examination in neonates, infants, and children. Pediatrics . 2008;122(6):1401–1404.
  • Binenbaum G, Mirz-George N, Christian C.W, Forbes B.J. Odds of abuse associated with retinal hemorrhages in children suspected of child abuse. J AAPOS . 2009;13(3):268–272.
  • Blaivas M, Theodoro D, Sierzenski P.R. A study of bedside ocular ultrasonography in the emergency department. Acad Emerg Med . 2002;9(8):791–799.
  • Daoud Y.J, Hutchinson A, Wallace D.K, Song J, Kim T. Refractive surgery in children: treatment options, outcomes, and controversies. Am J Ophthalmol . 2009;147(4):573–582.
  • Gunton K, Wasserman B, DeBenedictis C. Strabismus. Prim Care . 2015;42(3):393–407.
  • Hauser A, Fogarasi S. Periorbital and orbital cellulitis. Pediatr Rev . 2010;31(6):242–249.
  • LaMattina K, Thomson L. Pediatric conjunctivitis. Dis Mon . 2014;60(6):231–238.
  • Ortiz M.V, Dunkel I.J. Retinoblastoma. J Child Neurology . 2016;31(2):227–236.
  • Seth D, Khan F.I. Causes and management of red eye in pediatric ophthalmology. Curr Allergy Asthma Rep . 2011;11(3):212–219.
  • Wagner R.S, Aquino M. Pediatric ocular inflammation. Immunol Allergy Clin N Am . 2008;28(1):169–188.
  • Togioka B.M, Arnold M.A, Bathurst M.A, et al. Retinal hemorrhages and shaken baby syndrome: an evidence-based review. J Emerg Med . 2009;37(1):98–106.

Hannah Connor e Holly Benz

Outer Ear Malformations

  • Bartel-Friedrich S. Congenital auricular malformations: description of anomalies and syndromes. Facial Plast Surg . 2015;31(6):567–580.
  • Wang R.Y, Earl D.L, Ruder R.O, Graham Jr. J.M. Syndromic ear anomalies and renal ultrasounds. Pediatrics . 2001;108(2):E32.

Foreign Body

  • Marin JR, Trainor JL. Foreign body removal from the external auditory canal in a pediatric emergency department. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2006;22(9):630.
  • Olajuyin O, Olatunya O.S. Aural foreign body extraction in children: a double-edged sword. Pan Afr Med J . 2015;20:186. doi: 10.11604/pamj.2015.20.186.5218 Published 2015 Feb 27.

Otitis Externa

  • Long M. Otitis externa. Pediatr Rev . 2013;34(3):143–144.
  • Rosenfeld R.M, Schwartz S.R, Cannon C.R, et al. Clinical practice guideline: acute otitis externa. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg . 2014;150(suppl 1):S1–S24.
  • Wipperman J. Otitis externa. Prim Care . 2014;41(1):1–9.

Otitis Media

  • Gould J.M, Matz P.S. Otitis media. Pediatr Rev . 2010;31(3):102–116.
  • Kynion R. Mastoiditis. Pediatr Rev . 2018;39(5):267–269.
  • Lieberthal A.S, Carroll A.E, Chonmaitree T, et al. The diagnosis and management of acute otitis media. Pediatrics . 2013;131(3):e964–e999.


  • Isaacson G. Diagnosis of pediatric cholesteatoma. Pediatrics . 2007;120(3):603–608.


  • Brodsky J.R, Cusick B.A, Zhou G. Vestibular neuritis in children and adolescents: clinical features and recovery. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol . 2016;83:104–108.
  • Overby P, Kapklein M, Jacobson R.I. Acute ataxia in children. Pediatr Rev . 2019;40(7):332–343.

Hearing Loss

  • Burke M.J, Shenton R.C, Taylor M.J. The economics of screening infants at risk of hearing impairment: an international analysis. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol . 2012;76(2):212–218.
  • Gifford K.A, Holmes M.G, Bernstein H.H. Hearing loss in children. Pediatr Rev . 2009;30(6):207–215 quiz 216.
  • Grindle C.R. Pediatric hearing loss. Pediatr Rev . 2014;35(11):456–463 quiz 464.
  • Shearer AE, Hildebrand MS, Smith RJH. Hereditary hearing loss and deafness overview. In: Adam MP, Ardinger HH, Pagon RA, et al., eds. GeneReviews [Internet]. Seattle, WA: University of Washington, 1999 Feb 14 [updated 2017 Jul 27]:1993–2020.
  • The Joint Committee on Infant Hearing. Year 2019 position statement: principles and guidelines for early hearing detection and intervention programs. J Early Hear Detect Interv. 2019;4(2):1–44.

Kristine A. DellaBadia e Rahael Borchers

  • Chow A.W, Benninger M.S, Brook I, et al. IDSA clinical practice guideline for acute bacterial rhinosinusitis in children and adults. Clin Infect Dis . 2012;54(8):e72–e112. doi: 10.1093/cid/cir1043 Epub 2012 Mar 20. PMID: 22438350.
  • Gargiulo K.A., Spector N.D.. Stuffy nose. Pediatr Rev. 2010;31(8):320–324; quiz 325. PMID: 20679097.
  • Kwong K.M. Current updates on choanal atresia. Front Pediatr . 2015;3:52. doi: 10.3389/fped.2015.00052 Published 2015 Jun 9.
  • Stenner M, Rudack C. Diseases of the nose and paranasal sinuses in child. GMS Curr Top Otorhinolaryngol Head Neck Surg . 2014;13 doi: 10.3205/cto000113.
  • Tunkel D.E, Anne S, Payne S.C, et al. Clinical practice guideline: nosebleed (epistaxis). Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg . 2020;162(suppl 1):S1–S38. doi: 10.1177/0194599819890327.
  • Wald E.R, Applegate K.E, Bordley C, et al. Clinical practice guideline for the diagnosis and management of acute bacterial sinusitis in children aged 1 to 18 years. Pediatrics . 2013;132(1):e262–e280. doi: 10.1542/peds.2013-1071 PMID: 23796742.

Jeremy Jones e Morgan Congdon

Ayelet Rosen, Jessica Hills e Melissa Patel

  • Brennan-Krohn T, Ozonoff A, Sandora T.J. Adherence to guidelines for testing and treatment of children with pharyngitis: a retrospective study. BMC Pediatr . 2018;18:43. doi: 10.1186/s12887-018-0988-z.
  • Deosthali A., Donches K., DelVecchio M., Aronoff S.. Etiologies of pediatric cervical lymphadenopathy: a systematic review of 2687 subjects. Glob Pediatr Health. 2019;6:2333794X19865440. Published 2019 Jul 27.
  • Escobar M.L, Needleman J, Stridor. J Pediatr Rev . 2015;36(3):135–137. doi: 10.1542/pir.36-3-135.
  • Gaddey H.L, Riegel A.M. Unexplained lymphadenopathy: evaluation and differential diagnosis. Am Fam Physician . 2016;94(11):896–903.
  • Shapiro D.J, Lindgern C.E, Neuman M.I, Fine A.M. Viral features and testing for streptococcal pharyngitis. Pediatrics . 2017;139(5):e20163403. doi: 10.1542/peds.2016-3403.