Benvenuto nella sezione online di

La Pediatria di Netter, 2ª ed.

Letture Consigliate

Sezione IX


Melissa Kennedy︎

Wenjing Zong e Chiara Pandolfi de Rinaldis


  • Holtz L.R, Neill M.A, Tarr P.I. Acute bloody diarrhea: a medical emergency for patients of all ages. Gastroenterol . 2009;136(6):1887–1898.
  • Hyams J.S, Di Lorenzo C, Saps M, Shulman R.J, Staiano A, van Tilburg M. Childhood functional gastrointestinal disorders: child/adolescent. Gastroenterology . 2016;150(6):1456–1468.
  • Jangi S, Lamont J.T. Asymptomatic colonization by Clostridium difficile in infants: implications for disease in later life. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr . 2010;51(1):2–7.
  • Nowak-Węgrzyn A, Chehade M, Groetch M.E, et al. International consensus guidelines for the diagnosis and management of food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome: executive summary—workgroup report of the Adverse Reactions to Foods Committee, American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. J Allergy Clin Immunol . 2017;139(4):1111.
  • Pawlowski S.W, Warren C.A, Guerrannt R. Diagnosis and treatment of acute or persistent diarrhea. Gastroenterol . 2009;136(6):1874–1886.
  • Setty M, Hormaza L, Guandalini S. Celiac disease: risk assessment, diagnosis, and monitoring. Mol Diagn Ther . 2008;12(5):289–298.
  • Szajewska H, Setty M, Mrukowicz J, Guandalini S. Probiotics in gastrointestinal diseases in children: hard and not-so-hard evidence of efficacy. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr . 2006;42(5):454–475.
  • Thiagarajah J.R, Kamin D.S, Acra S, et al. PediCODE consortium: advances in evaluation of chronic diarrhea in infants. Gastroenterology . 2018;154(8):2045–2059.

Joshua D. Eisenberg e Jennifer Webster


  • Borowitz S.M, Cox D.J, Kovatchev B, et al. Treatment of childhood constipation by primary care physicians: efficacy and predictors of outcome. Pediatrics . 2005;115:873–877.
  • Hyams J.S, Di Lorenzo C, Saps M, et al. Childhood functional gastrointestinal disorders: child/Adolescent. Gastroenterology . 2016(150):1456–1468.
  • North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition. Evaluation and treatment of constipation in children:, . summary of updated recommendations of the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr . 2006;43(3):405–407.

Logan Grimes e Steven Fusillo

  • AGA Institute Clinical Practice and Economics Committee, . American Gastroenterological Association (AGA) institute technical review on obscure gastrointestinal bleeding. Gastroenterology . 2007;133:1697–1717.
  • Jones N.L, Koletzko S, Goodman K, et al. Joint ESPGHAN/NASPGHAN guidelines for the management of Helicobacter pylori in children and adolescents (Update 2016). J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr . 2017;64(6):991–1003.
  • Laine L, Takeuchi K, Tarnawski A. Gastric mucosal defense and cytoprotection: bench to bedside. Gastroenterology . 2008;135:41–60.
  • Mujtaba S, Chawla S, Massaad J.F. Diagnosis and management of non-variceal gastrointestinal hemorrhage: a review of current guidelines and future perspectives. J Clin Med . 2020;9(2):402.
  • Neidich G.A, Cole S.R. Gastrointestinal bleeding. Pediatr Rev . 2014;35:243.
  • Thomson M.A, Leton N, Belsha D. Acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding in childhood: development of the Sheffield Scoring System to predict need for endoscopic therapy. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr . 2015;60(5):632–636.

Jennifer K. Sun e Trusha Patel


  • Benchimol E.I, Bernstein C.N, Bitton A, et al. Trends in epidemiology of pediatric inflammatory bowel disease in Canada: distributed network analysis of multiple population-based provincial health administrative databases. Am J Gastroenterol . 2017;112(7):1120–1134.
  • Hyams J.S, Dubinsky M.C, Baldassano R.N, et al. Infliximab is not associated with increased risk of malignancy or hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis in pediatric patients with inflammatory bowel disease. Gastroenterology . 2017;152(8):1901–1914 e3.
  • Levine A, Griffiths A, Markowitz J, et al. Pediatric modification of the Montreal classification for inflammatory bowel disease: the Paris classification. Inflamm Bowel Dis . 2011;17(6):1314–1321.
  • Rosen M.J, Dhawan A, Saeed S.A. Inflammatory bowel disease in children and adolescents. JAMA Pediatr . 2015;169(11):1053–1060.
  • Rufo P.A, Denson L.A, Sylvester F.A, et al. Health supervision in the management of children and adolescents with IBD: NASPGHAN recommendations. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr . 2012;55(1):93–108.

Naomi E. Butler Tjaden e Bruce L. Tjaden, Jr.


  • Brandt M.L. Pediatric hernias. Surg Clin North Am . 2008;88(1):27–43. doi: 10.1016/j.suc.2007.11.006 18267160.
  • Dingeldein M. Congenital diaphragmatic hernia: management & outcomes. Adv Pediatr . 2018;65(1):241–247. doi: 10.1016/j.yapd.2018.05.001 30053927Epub 2018 Jun 12.
  • Kelly K.B, Ponsky T.A. Pediatric abdominal wall defects. Surg Clin North Am . 2013;93(5):1255–1267. doi: 10.1016/j.suc.2013.06.016 24035087Epub 2013 Jul 26.
  • Zens T, Nichol P.F, Cartmill R, Kohler J.E. Management of asymptomatic pediatric umbilical hernias: a systematic review. J Pediatr Surg . 2017;52(11):1723–1731. doi: 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2017.07.016 28778691Epub 2017 Jul 24.

Atu Agawu e Amanda B. Muir


  • Dellon E.S, Liacouras C.A, Molina-Infante J, et al. Updated international consensus diagnostic criteria for eosinophilic esophagitis: proceedings of the AGREE Conference. Gastroenterology . 2018;155(4):1022–1033.e10. doi: 10.1053/j.gastro.2018.07.009.
  • Krishnan U, Mousa H, Dall’Oglio L, et al. ESPGHAN-NASPGHAN guidelines for the evaluation and treatment of gastrointestinal and nutritional complications in children with esophageal atresia-tracheoesophageal fistula. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr . 2016;63(5):550–570. doi: 10.1097/MPG.0000000000001401.
  • Kurowski J.A, Kay M. Caustic ingestions and foreign bodies ingestions in pediatric patients. Pediatr Clin North Am . 2017;64(3):507–524. doi: 10.1016/j.pcl.2017.01.004. 28502435.
  • Rosen R, Vandenplas Y, Singendonk M, et al. Pediatric Gastroesophageal Reflux Clinical Practice Guidelines: Joint recommendations of the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition and the European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr . 2018;66(3):516–554. doi: 10.1097/MPG.0000000000001889.

Kanak Verma e Atu Agawu

  • Blinman T, Ponsky T. Minimally invasive surgery: laparoscopy and thoracoscopy in infants and children. Pediatrics . 2012;130:539–549.
  • Carroll A.G, Kavanagh R.G, Leidhin C.N, et al. Comparative effectiveness of imaging modalities for the diagnosis of intestinal obstruction in neonates and infants: a critically appraised topic. Acad Radiol . 2016;23:559–568.
  • Grant H.W, Parker M.C, Wilson M.S, et al. Adhesions after abdominal surgery in children. J Pediatr Surg . 2008;43:152–157.
  • Singh S, Kalra M.K, Moore M.A, et al. Dose reduction and compliance with pediatric CT protocols adapted to patient size, clinical indication, and number of prior studies. Radiology . 2009;252:200–208.

Logan Grimes e Jefferson N. Brownell

  • Abu-El-Haija, et al. Management of acute pancreatitis in the pediatric population: a clinical report from the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition Pancreas Committee. J Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition . 2018;66(1):159–176.
  • De Matos V, Mascarenhas M. Cystic fibrosis. In: Liacouras C, Piccoli D, eds. Pediatric Gastroenterology: The Requisites in Pediatrics . St. Louis: Mosby Elsevier; 2008:315–316.
  • Gelrud D, Gress F. Approach to the patient with elevated serum amylase or lipase.
  • Lowe M.E, Greer J.B. Pancreatitis in children and adolescents. Curr Gastroenterol Rep . 2008;10(2):128–135.
  • Morinville, et al. Definitions of pediatric pancreatitis and survey of present clinical practices. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr . 2012;55(3):261–265.
  • Singh, Schwarzenberg. Pancreatic insufficiency in cystic fibrosis. J of Cystic Fibrosis . 2017:S70–S78.
  • Sreedharan R, Mamula P. Congenital anomalies. In: Liacouras C, Piccoli D, eds. Pediatric Gastroenterology: The Requisites in Pediatrics . St. Louis: Mosby Elsevier; 2008:307–313.
  • Verma R, Wong T. Pancreatitis. In: Liacouras C, Piccoli D, eds. Pediatric Gastroenterology: The Requisites in Pediatrics . St. Louis: Mosby Elsevier; 2008:322–328.
  • Zyromski N.J, Sandoval J.A, Pitt H.A, et al. Annular pancreas: dramatic differences between children and adults. J Am Coll Surg . 2008;206(5):1025–1027.

Kanak Verma e Amit A. Shah

  • Fawaz R, Baumann U, Ekong U, et al. Guideline for the evaluation of cholestatic jaundice in infants: joint recommendations of the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition and the European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition. JPGN . 2017;64:154–168.
  • Kwo P.Y, Cohen S.M, Lim J.K. ACG clinical guideline: evaluation of abnormal liver chemistries. Am L Gastroenterol . 2017;112:18–35.
  • Kwong A, Kim W.R, Lake J.R, et al. OPTN/SRTR 2018 Annual Data Report: liver. Am J Transplant . 2020;20:193–299.
  • Mouzaki M, Bronsky J, Gupte G, et al. Nutrition support of children with chronic liver diseases: a joint position paper of the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition and the European Society for Pediatric, Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition. JPGN . 2019;69:498–511.
  • Squires J.E, McKiernan P, Squires R.H. Acute liver failure: an update. Clin Liver Dis . 2018;22:773–805.
  • Squires R.H, Ng V, Romero R, et al. Evaluation of the pediatric patient for liver transplantation: 2014 practice guideline by the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases, American Society of Transplantation, and the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition. Hepatology . 2014;60:362–398.
  • Vos M.B, Abrams S.H, Barlow S.E, et al. NASPGHAN clinical practice guideline for the diagnosis and treatment of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in children: recommendations from the expert committee on NAFLD (ECON) and the North American Society of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition (NASPGHAN). JPGN . 2017;64:319–334.

Alexandra R. Linn e Arthur J. Kastl, Jr

  • Bundy D.G, Byerley J.S, Liles E.A, et al. Does this child have appendicitis? JAMA . 2007;298:438–451.
  • Hartling L, Bellemare S, Wiebe N, et al. Oral versus intravenous rehydration for treating dehydration due to gastroenteritis in children. Cochrane Database Syst Rev . 2006;3:CD004390.
  • Kim J.Y. Peritonitis and intra-abdominal abscess . Pediatric Infectious Diseases: The Requisites in Pediatrics . Philadelphia: Mosby Elsevier; 2008.
  • Koletzko S, Jones NL, Goodman KJ, et al. Evidence-based guidelines from ESPGHAN and NASPGHAN for Helicobacter pylori infection in children. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr . 2016;53:230–243.
  • Levinson W, Chin-Hong P, Joyce EA, Nussbaum J, Schwartz B. Gastrointestinal tract infections. In: Review of Medical Microbiology & Immunology: A Guide to Clinical Infectious Diseases, 16th ed. McGraw-Hill Education; 2020:627.
  • McDonald LC, Gerding DN, Johnson S, et al. Clinical practice guidelines for Clostridium difficile infection in adults and children: 2017 update by the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) and Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America (SHEA). Clinical Infectious Diseases . 2018;; 66(7):e1–e48. doi: 10.1093/cid/cix1085. .
  • Patel N.C, Caicedo R.A. Esophageal infections: an update. Curr Opin Pediatr . 2015;27(5):642–648. doi: 10.1097/MOP.0000000000000266.
  • Schutze GE, Willoughby RE, Committee on Infectious Diseases; American Academy of Pediatrics. Clostridium difficile infection in infants and children committee on infectious diseases. Pediatrics . 2013;131(1):196–200. doi: 10.1542/peds.2012-2992.
  • Zitelli B, McIntire S, Nowalk A. Abdominal pain. In: Zitelli and Davis’ Atlas of Pediatric Diagnosis, 7th ed. Elevier; 2018.